1 sharing equally with another or others
2 unselfishly willing to share with others; "a warm and sharing friend"
1 having in common; "the sharing of electrons creates molecules"
2 using or enjoying something jointly with others
3 sharing thoughts and feelings [syn: communion]
4 a distribution in shares [syn: share-out]
- present participle of share
otheruses Share Sharing is the joint use of a resource or space. In its narrow sense, it refers to joint or alternating use of an inherently finite good, such as a common pasture or a timeshared residence. It is also the process of dividing and distributing. Apart from obvious instances, which we can observe in human activity, we can also find many examples of this happening naturally in nature. When an organism takes in nutrition or oxygen for instance, its internal organs are designed to divide and distribute the energy taken in, to supply parts of its body that need it. Flowers divide and distribute their seeds. In a broader sense, it can also include the free granting of use rights to a good that is capable of being treated as a nonrival good, such as information. Still more loosely, "sharing" can actually mean giving something as an outright gift: for example, to "share" one's food really means to give some of it as a gift.
Sharing figures prominently in gift economies, but also can play a significant role in market economies, for example in car sharing.
The issue of handling shared resources figures prominently in computer science: for example time-sharing is an approach to interactive computing in which a single computer is used to provide apparently simultaneous interactive general-purpose computing to multiple users by sharing processor time.
Sharing is a key feature in the developing field of free software and open source software, with implications for economics. This is leading to a need to review licensing, patents and copyright, and to controversy in these areas, as well as new approaches like Creative Commons and the GPL.
- Yochai Benkler, Sharing Nicely: On Shareable Goods and the Emergence of Sharing as a Modality of Economic Production, Yale Law Journal, Vol. 114, 273-358 (PDF)
- Bruce Perens (2005). "The Emerging Economic Paradigm of Open Source". Retrieved October 25, 2005.
sharing in German: Tauschbörse
sharing in Japanese: 共有
sharing in Chinese: 共享
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